A modern person is exposed to physical inactivity, the influence of a polluted atmosphere and the use of dozens of harmful food additives do not contribute to health. As a result, his immune system weakens and becomes more susceptible to infections that lurk at every turn. More than 20% of the world's population are infected with dermatomycosis or fungal infections. The legs are particularly affected. Medicine successfully copes with the treatment of such a disease, but in certain circumstances many people prefer to be treated alone. Think about how and how to treat athlete's foot at home.
Varieties of fungal infections on the feet
The appearance of a fungus on the legs is an infection of the epidermis (outer layer of skin) of the interdigital zone of the legs and nail plates, with the possible spread of microscopic fungi further down the body. The defeat can be caused by:
However, in general, this disease is called dermatomycosis.
The visible signs of a fungus depend on which strain is causing it. Types of mycoses:
- Onychomycosis - This disease affects the nail plates and it runs in different ways. In the first case, the toenails change color, break, and thicken. With atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed and the skin under it hardens.
- With scaly mycosis, the skin turns red and begins to itch, peeling occurs, the condition becomes painful itching.
- The dyshidrotic form of the fungus is characterized by the formation of aqueous bubbles up to 5 mm in diameter, which gradually merge with each other and form ulcers.
- Intertrigue mycosis is the most common type of fungus that appears in the form of cracks in the skin between the toes, often closer to the little finger. It is characterized by severe itching.
What are the causes of mycoses on the legs?
- Many healthy people make an effort to stay fit. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, pools and saunas, where mycotic organisms multiply quickly in a warm environment. Fungal infections usually occur in these public places.
- When the family uses ordinary household shoes, towels, bath and shower rugs, and hygiene products. One carrier of the fungus can infect an entire family.
- Weakened immunity contributes to the spread of mycoses of the legs in the elderly. Statistics say men are more likely to be infected with a fungus.
- The indiscriminate use of drugs (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibiotics, cytostatics) is also the cause of the risk of developing mycotic infections on the feet.
- A fungal infection of the feet is possible due to occupational factors. The infection is more likely to affect miners, metallurgical workers, military personnel, and personnel who operate baths, saunas and sports facilities.
- Human lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially excessive sweating), osteoarthritis, obesity.
- Cuts and microcracks in the skin, corns and calluses on the feet, hallux valgus.
- Unfavorable ecological situation.
The fungus on the feet usually develops in several periods:
- The incubation stage depends on the state of the human immune system. The stronger it is, the later the signs of mycosis of the feet appear.
- The time after the incubation period is characterized by reddening of the skin, the appearance of itching and microcracks. Sometimes swelling of the legs is observed. At this stage, the development of infection can be stopped by simple, even popular, means.
- At the third stage, the disease turns into a more dangerous form: the skin peels off, large lesions are formed, the skin gradually begins to peel. The cracks deepen and cause noticeable pain. The nail plates are deformed. From this time on, the treatment is complex and lengthy.
- The chronic form of mycosis is fraught with frequent relapses and can last for several years. If the fungus starts to such an extent, you should immediately consult a doctor in order to avoid irreparable consequences of the disease.
How to cure athlete's foot at home
Only after conducting qualified diagnostics (scratching, examining logs, microscopy), a specialist can prescribe effective means of combating fungi on the legs. In addition to drug therapy against the fungus, folk remedies can also be used.
There are many ways to get rid of the fungus on your feet at home. Their advantage is an affordable price and a minimum of contraindications. But even harmless folk remedies, in consultation with the doctor, should be used in combination with essential medicines.
The most effective antifungal drugs
There are a number of dosage forms for the fungus in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, ointments and suspensions, sprays and lotions with fungicidal properties that prevent the growth of bacteria. With these means, the fungus can be quickly removed from the affected skin if the disease is in its initial stages.
Usually, in the complex treatment of mycosis of the feet, the following funds are used:
- Tablets against fungus on the legs;
- Antifungal ointment that is used on sore spots twice a day.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an innovative method of treating fungus - a hardware method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of mycosis on sore spots, but does not guarantee that relapses will not occur.
In addition to the main therapy, the treatment of athlete's foot with folk remedies is used. There are many methods of dealing with such a problem at home: these are all kinds of baths, compresses and masks against fungi, based on natural substances.
Among them, the most effective for the treatment of mycoses are the following:
- A solution of potassium permanganate. It is recommended to steam the legs in a warm bath before going to bed, then wrap them with gauze soaked in such a solution and leave them overnight.
- Baths with sea salt content of 1, 5 tbsp. l. per liter of water.
- Copper sulfate. With this, you can deal with the fungus on the feet as follows: fry 1 tsp. of this substance in a pan until white, then mix with the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Thoroughly mix the ingredients and apply the resulting ointment on the legs in a thin layer in a warm form. Wash off after 40 minutes.
- Applying vinegar to remove fungus is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. Among its varieties (apple, wine), the most effective is simple 9% vinegar, diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 8 and used as a slightly warm bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3 days.
- It will help deal with the fungus on your feet and the soda slurry. It is applied to the affected areas of the feet and kept for 20 minutes and then washed off. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply them to your feet in a similar way.
- A foot compress with a peroxide solution will help cure the fungus. To do this, you should first steam your feet in a bath of warm water. Then prepare a solution of 1 liter of water with 1 tsp. Soda and 2 tbsp. l. Peroxide, soak the gauze and wrap the legs with it. Soak for an hour, then rinse off.
- Onion recipes will help solve the problem. Grate 2 large onions on a coarse grater, squeeze the juice from the resulting pulp and apply to the feet. Wait for it to be absorbed, put on socks and let it sit overnight. Rinse your feet in the morning. It also acts on the mushroom and the juice of garlic.
- Effectively use celandine from mushrooms. Its juice (5 drops) is mixed with half a teaspoon of calendula alcohol tincture and 5 drops of oregano juice, as well as a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the legs without rinsing.
Care and hygiene rules
Using medicated compresses and foot baths for mushrooms at home along with prescribed medications can remove them pretty quickly. In addition, the feet should be particularly cared for in order to maintain the condition of the skin during this time and promote regeneration.
Before treating the affected areas of the feet and nails with a fungal infection, put on disposable gloves on your hands.
Shoes should be treated with special agents (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, it should be replaced with products made from natural materials. After each wearing the shoes should be taken off for ventilation on the balcony. If it gets wet, dry it off completely and change insoles more often.
During the period of fungal disease, in order not to infect other family members with the fungus, do not visit the pool, saunas, beaches, use someone else's shoes, slippers or towels. After recovery, it is advisable to get rid of old socks, replace the insoles in the shoes and treat them with vinegar. This also applies to rubber carpets in the bathroom. This is done to kill fungal spores that can cause relapse or infect other people's feet.
Prevention of relapse and re-infection
In order to avoid re-infection of the feet with a fungal infection and to permanently eliminate this, special attention should be paid to foot hygiene. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- only wear your own shoes and clothes;
- Choose shoes made from natural materials.
- Do not let your feet cushion in shoes.
- Wash your feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before bed and after you get off the street.
- Monitor the shoes: dry them inside and treat them regularly with special deodorants.
- Maintain immunity.
The legs require regular care and attention. Any discomfort in the legs and external changes in their area should be a reason to consult a specialist.